John M. Tuhey is a corporate attorney with nineteen years of experience advising companies of all sizes both domestically and globally. John has spent his career as a key advisor or member of the management team of numerous small, mid and large-cap public companies. John is the principal at the Tuhey Law Firm.
Hugo Trevino is a first-generation Mexican American. Hugo graduated from the University of Illinois at Champaign Urbana ‘14 and Loyola University Chicago, M.Ed. ‘18. During his undergraduate/graduate career, he has studied abroad 5 times to Costa Rica, China, Taiwan, Vietnam, and Italy. Hugo’s history involves advocating for Latinxs, LGBQTIA, and people with disabilities rights on education, healthcare, and self-advocacy. Hugo’s passion led him to his current position helping students access higher education at UIC.
Suhail Tariq is passionate about helping people with visible and invisible disabilities from all walks of life. Advocacy is very important to him as too many times he has seen people without anyone to speak up for them. Suhail objective is to make sure that people with disabilities have equality in the workplace. Suhail is physically disabled and has Juvenile ALS/Lou Gehrig’s along with Spastic Paraplegia.
Gene Skonicki is a graduate of Georgetown Law where he co-founded a group for law students with disabilities. He has clerked for three federal judges and currently serves as a permanent law clerk to a federal judge in Chicago. Before law school, Gene was the CTO of a successful technology start-up.
Edison Lopez Jr. currently lives in Chicago and works as a specialist at Apple Store. With Latino parents and three deaf siblings, his background is rich with cultural diversity. Tapping into this experience lends to successful community collaborations resulting in several volunteer opportunities and leadership roles. In 2015, Edison achieved a Deaf Interpreter license in the state of Illinois. He is the current owner of Zepol Interpreting Services, LLC.
Adero Knott is the Founder of AK Prosthetics, an AdaptiveTech startup that makes customized prosthetics and adaptive wear accessible and inclusive. Adero is also an inventor and uses her experiences traveling the world to problem solve and create accessible tools that make life easier for people with disabilities.
Laura Isaacs has 20+ years of experience as an Executive Assistant and is an Executive Assistant in the Professional Standards Group at Grant Thornton LLP. In addition to her role as the National Coordinator for the Diverse Abilities & Allies BRG, Laura is also a lived experience volunteer with NAMI Chicago.
Chris Huff is a 29-year-old African American male from Chicago’s Southside. He grew up in Auburn-Gresham where he developed a passion for social change and civic engagement. He went on to receive his Bachelor of Arts in Political Communication and Economic Development from Oglethorpe University in Atlanta, Ga. Then, he received his Master of Arts in Social Administration from the University of Chicago – School of Social Service Administration. He has 5+ years of professional experience that includes working with organizations such as Mikva Challenge, Jewish Council on Urban Affairs, Nextdoor, University of Chicago, Vera Institute of Justice, and the Illinois Department of Juvenile Justice.
Whitney Hill’s vision is supported by both her passion for advocacy and personal background of being a part of the disability community. Her training as a Universal Designer has fostered her devotion to the community. Her dedicated work at the Blind Service Association, the Institute For Human-Centered Design/New England ADA Center, has honed her skills. Whitney is currently serving as an elected member on the Chicago Transit Authority’s (CTA) ADA Advisory Committee, is Chair for the CTA Wayfinding Subcommittee, and is the Founder & Director of SPORK!.
LaShon Gurrola is a Transitional Care Nurse with Social Work & Community Health at Rush University Medical Center. She has been a Registered Nurse for 23 years. She attended College of DuPage & Purdue University. She has developed a strong clinical background, including experience with surgical nursing on Ortho/Neuro /Spine units, Home Health Nursing, and Transitional Care Nursing. Currently, she facilitates the Lupus support group and serves on the Associate Board of Lupus Society of Illinois.
As a deaf actor of color, Richard Costes leverages his trailblazing experiences in Chicago theatre through advocacy as a consultant to local theatres and non-profit arts organizations. His passion for increasing accessibility and representation is a valuable resource for many organizations, including the association he works for, ACG.
Keidra Chaney is a writer and communications professional focused on reproductive justice, disability justice, accessibility, and equity/inclusion. Her two-decade career includes experience in independent magazine publishing, non-profit digital strategy, and social media training. She is a Certified Professional in Accessibility Core Competencies by the International Association of Accessibility Professionals (IAAP).
A theorist, methodologist, and empirical researcher, Dr. Kate Caldwell received her Doctorate in Disability Studies from the University of Illinois at Chicago. Having also received a Masters’ degree from the University of Chicago in interdisciplinary social sciences, she brings this expertise to approaching complex issues where various fields intersect and facilitating dialogue across disciplines.
Brenda Pino has over 45 years of banking experience. As Vice President of Physical Channels for the BMO Financial Group, Brenda’s responsibilities include assuring optimal customer and employee experiences when utilizing any of the Bank’s Physical Channels, which includes a network of over 4,000 ATMs in North America. Brenda is the co-chair of the BMO Without Barriers disability ERG.
Tekki Lomnicki is the co-founder and Artistic Director of Tellin’ Tales Theatre, dedicated to shattering the barriers between the disabled and non-disabled worlds through personal story. Tekki performs her critically acclaimed solo work for schools, conferences and theater audiences, and works as a Marketing Copywriter for True Value Hardware.
Courtney Sass is a Student Aide at the British International School of Chicago and the creator of the Museum Accessibility Toolkit, a website that features basic and inexpensive accommodations cultural institutions can provide for people with disabilities. Courtney earned a M.A. in Museum and Exhibition Studies from the University of Illinois at Chicago and a B.A. in Art History from Loyola University Chicago.
Andrew Webb is a former Equal Justice Works ADA 25 Fellow, sponsored by McDermott Will and Emery. Since concluding his fellowship, Andrew has continued as a Staff Attorney at Equip For Equality, where he focuses primarily on providing education and representation to improve access to health care and related services for Illinois residents with disabilities. Andrew earned a J.D. from The University of Chicago and a B.S. in Foreign Service from Georgetown University.
Bill Sitter currently works for Chase as a Data Keyer. Bill serves in a number of volunteer roles including on the board of Inspiration Corporation.
Joyce Otuwa is a Staff Attorney at Equip for Equality, investigating, negotiating, and litigating social security and discrimination cases on behalf of clients. Joyce believes in public service, mentorship, and the deconstruction of exclusive ideology through education, activism, and legal advocacy. Joyce earned a J.D. and B.A. from the University of Illinois.
Christina McGleam serves as the Assistant to the Commissioner at the Mayor’s Office for People with Disabilities. Christina’s responsibilities include the daily operations of the Commissioner’s Office and representing MOPD on two transit committees. Christina has a B.A. from John Carroll University and a Masters in Human Resource Management from Roosevelt University.
Evelyn Keolian is a Librarian in the Chicago Public Library (CPL) system. Evelyn also serves as the founder and chair of the Diversability Advocacy Committee at CPL. Evelyn is an adjunct instructor in American Sign Language at Oakton Community College. She serves on the Board of Directors of Changing Worlds. Evelyn received a M.L.I.S. from the University of North Texas/California State University, Northridge in 2012.
Emily Harris is Principal of Harris Strategies, LLC, helping non-profit organizations, philanthropy, public agencies and business move their ideas to action. Previously, she was the founding Executive Director of ADA 25 Advancing Leadership and a Senior Director at the Chicago Community Trust, working on equity and inclusion initiatives. As Executive Director of ADA 25 Chicago, she engaged more than 200 program partners in advancing disability inclusion. As Vice President of Metropolis Strategies, she led programs focused on regional economic growth, open space conservation, early childhood education, and served as Executive Director of the Burnham Plan Centennial. She earned a B.A. from Oberlin College and an M.A. from the University of Chicago. She serves on the Forest Preserves of Cook County Conservation and Policy Council, the Leadership Greater Chicago Fellows Association Board and the CMAP Economic Development Committee.
Zully JF Alvarado is an educator, trainer, public speaker, entrepreneur and international leader and advocate on the rights of children, women, and persons with disabilities. Zully currently lives in Gary, Indiana and raises awareness on the importance of accessibility in infrastructure, transportation and outdoor recreation. Zully earned an M.Ed. from the Erikson Institute.
Maureen Reagan founded and operated MRA Architects, Ltd. for over 25 years, designing creative environments, usable by all people, including people with disabilities. Maureen recently transitioned from MRA to pursue other interests, along with the continuation of universal design and accessibility consulting. She served on the committee, which produced an extensive update to the accessibility code of the Chicago Building Code. Maureen earned a Masters in Architecture from the University of Illinois, a B.S. with Distinction in Environmental Design from Purdue University, and was awarded a scholarship to study architecture at L’Ecole d’architecture, Universite de Paris III, Versailles, France.
As Director of the Division of Rehabilitation Services, Rahnee Patrick directs Illinois’ state agency to assist Illinoisans with disabilities to reach personal goals of employment and education. Rahnee conceived the ADAPT Youth Summit, and was the recipient of the 2008 Paul Hearne Award of the American Association of People with Disabilities. Rahnee graduated from Indiana University and co-founded Students Together Able and Respected, comprised of disabled students.
As a Senior Accessibility Specialist, Benro Ogunyipe directs and administers the bureau’s program and training activities to ensure department compliance with Titles I & II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and the department’s legal obligations under the Illinois Human Rights Act. Benro has 15 plus years of professional experience in public service administration, non-profit leadership management and multiple advocacy and policy board positions driven to promote full inclusion and accessibility for people with disabilities as well as personal and professional advocacy for Deaf and hard of hearing people in all settings of the society. In 2014 and again in 2016, U.S. President Barack Obama appointed Benro to the National Council on Disability. Benro was also appointed by three different Illinois Governors to public bodies including twice as a Commissioner of the Illinois Deaf and Hard of Hearing Commission. He served as President and Board Chairman of the National Black Deaf Advocates, Inc. Benro received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Gallaudet University and a Master of Public Administration (M.P.A.) from the School of Public Service at DePaul University.
Andrés Gallegos is a shareholder with the law firm of Robbins, Salomon & Patt, Ltd. and is the founder and director of its national disability rights practice. Andrés is a frequent speaker and has authored numerous articles on matters relating to the application of disability-related laws to healthcare providers and the disability rights movement. Andrés is a member of the National Council on Disability, an independent federal agency that provides advice to the President, Congress, and federal agencies on matters affecting persons with disabilities nationwide. He serves as Chair of the Board of Directors of Access Living and was a two-time governor appointee to the Statewide Independent Living Council of Illinois. Andrés earned a B.S. from the University of Southern Mississippi and a J.D. from the St. Louis University School of Law.
For the past thirty years, Jack Catlin has been involved in creating environments for all people including people with disabilities. Currently, Jack is one of two technical trainers for the US Department of Housing and Urban Development Fair Housing Accessibility FIRST Program. Jack co-chaired the committee that developed Chicago’s first comprehensive accessibility code as part of the revisions to the Chicago Building Code. In 1994, Jack was appointed to the U.S. Access Board by President Clinton. He served on the Executive Committee of the Chicago Community Trust, Co-Chairs it’s Disabilities Fund Advisory Board, and is a current board member of the Metropolitan Planning Council. Jack graduated from the University of Illinois School of Architecture.
Horacio Esparza is the Executive Director of Progress Center for Independent Living, an Independent Living Center serving suburban Cook County. Horacio is also the host of a radio show called Vida Independiente. Horacio is a member of Not Dead Yet and the Illinois Statewide Hispanic Council. Horacio served on the ADA 25 Chicago steering committee. Horacio earned a B.A. from University of Wisconsin Whitewater and a degree in philosophy from Autonomous University of Guadalajara in Jalisco, Mexico.
Gary Arnold is the Program Director for Progress Center for Independent Living. Previously, Gary worked as the Public Affairs Manager for Access Living. Gary is the co-chair of the Board of Directors for Crossroads Fund. He is the immediate past president of Little People of America, and has served on the Board of Directors for Public Narrative (previously known as the Community Media Workshop). Gary is a 2013 Leadership Greater Chicago Fellow. Gary earned a B.A. from Beloit College and an Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters in 2018.
Rachel Arfa is a staff attorney at Equip for Equality and represents clients with disabilities in employment discrimination and civil rights violations. She also manages the PABSS program and the Illinois ADA Project. Rachel currently serves on the Cook County Anti-Harassment Task Force and the City of Chicago Accessible Airport Advisory Committee. In the past, Rachel has served on the Board of Directors for the New Leaders Council, Illinois Telecommunications Access Corporation, and the Midwest Center on Law and the Deaf, and the Metra ADA Advisory Committee. Rachel is a founding Steering Committee member of the Chicago Cultural Accessibility Consortium Steering Committee and serves on the Board of Directors for 3Arts, which supports artists of color, women artists and artists with disabilities. Rachel is a 2016 Leadership Greater Chicago Fellow. She is a graduate of the University of Michigan (B.A. in American Culture) and the University of Wisconsin School of Law (Juris Doctorate).
As Deputy Commissioner, Joe Albritton oversees Employment Services, Training Services, and Deaf and Hard of Hearing Programs. Joe is a member of the Mayoral Task Force on Employment and Economic Opportunities for People with Disabilities, and the Financial Advisory Council for the Empowerment of People with Disabilities. Prior to MOPD, Joe served as a Therapeutic Recreation Instructor for the Chicago Park District and a Job Developer at the Chicago Lighthouse. Joe is a graduate of Florida State University.
Commissioner Karen Tamley leads numerous disability policy and accessibility compliance initiatives in transportation, city infrastructure, emergency preparedness, housing, education, and technology. Karen serves as the City’s representative regarding disability related policy on Board and committees, including the Pace Board of Directors. In 2015, President Obama appointed Karen to the United States Access Board. Additionally, Karen serves on the Board of Director’s for the Kohl Children’s Museum and Meals on Wheels Chicago Executive Committee. Karen was Co-Chair ADA 25 Advancing Leadership Steering Committee. Karen is a graduate of the University of California, Berkeley and a Leaderhsip Greater Chicago Fellow (1999).
As Director of Civic Engagement at SPR, Pat Maher manages non-profit relationships within the tech sector. Pat supports the success of historically overlooked and discounted segments of the workforce – including professionals and aspiring candidates with disabilities, girls and young women, and younger candidates who lack social capital in the continually evolving technology industry. SPR’s strategic focus is supporting students through early-in-career (EIC) professionals to have the greatest impact.
Since 1999, Daisy Feidt has led Access Living through multiple strategic planning efforts and has managed both development and program operations activities. Daisy serves as Vice President of Board of Directors for the Business and Professional People for the Public Interest. She also serves on the Board of Directors for the Illinois Network of Centers for Independent Living. Daisy is Leadership Greater Chicago Fellow (2007) and holds a B.A. in Psychology from Lawrence University.
We recently lost distinguished member and disability rights champion, Marca Bristo, President and CEO of Access Living. You can read more about her career here and the civil rights she championed for our community.
After her passing, many news outlets chronicled her life championing the rights of people with disabilities. A selection is below. Rest In Power.
Marca Bristo was the Founder, President, and Chief Executive Officer of Access Living. In addition to heading Access Living, one of the nation’s leading disability rights organizations and centers for independent living serving Chicago, Marca Bristo served as the Presidentially-appointed chairperson of the National Council on Disability from 1994-2002. As the former president of the National Council on Independent Living, she worked with the broader civil rights community on the Civil Rights Restoration Act of 1987, the Fair Housing Amendments Act of 1988, and the Americans with Disabilities Act. She is the most recent emeritus President of the United States International Council on Disabilities, a member of Human Rights Watch Disability Advisory Committee, and the co-chair for the ADA 25 Chicago Steering Committee.
Bristo received the Distinguished Service Award of the President of the United States for her role in the creation and passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). She was named a Henry B. Betts Laureate for significantly improving the quality of life for people with disabilities, and earned the 1993 United Way of Chicago Executive of the Year Award. She was also was named by Crain’s Chicago Business as one of Chicago’s 100 Most Influential Women, the Chicago Sun-Times list of 100 Most Powerful Women, and named 2007 Chicagoan of the Year, by Chicago Magazine and has received numerous other awards and honors.
Bristo was a Trustee of Rush University, a Board member of Forefront, a Life Member of the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, a member of The Chicago Network, a Leadership Greater Chicago Alumni, and was appointed as a co-chair of Governor-elect Pritzker’s Transition Committee on Human Rights. She earned a B.A. from Beloit College and a B.S. in Nursing from Rush University.
Amber Smock oversees policy, community organizing, leadership development, and issue education as the Director of Advocacy at Access Living. Amber is a Commissioner of the Cook County Commission on Human Rights, as well as a member of the Illinois Department of Health and Family Services Medicaid Advisory Committee. She served on transition subcommittees for both Governor Pritzker and Mayor Lightfoot. She is the facilitator of the federal-state working group Disability Power for Community Integration. Amber is a member of ADA 25 Advancing Leadership and Leadership Greater Chicago (class of 2014), and a recipient of several local and national awards for her disability advocacy.
Kevin Irvine works at Rush University Medical Center as its Senior Talent Acquisition Consultant, Individuals with Disabilities, and is Co-Chair of the Rush ADA Task Force. Since 2012, Kevin has served on the Board of Directors for the Chicago Transit Authority. Kevin is also a Leadership Greater Chicago Fellow (2006) and a graduate of Purchase College, State University of New York.
As an instructor and doctoral candidate in Disability Studies at University of Illinois at Chicago, Norma Jane Mejias’s work explores experiences of young women with disabilities in support groups. Janie has been involved in disability rights advocacy and many groups at Access Living. Janie is also passionate about volunteering for Canine Companions for Independence with service dog Haven. Janie earned a B.A. from St. Andrew’s Presbyterian College and a M.S. from University of Illinois at Chicago.
Mark Williams develops and manages foundation and government grants at United Way of Metro Chicago. Mark has served the nonprofit and disability communities for many years and was a member of both the Statewide Independent Living Council of Illinois and the Illinois ADA Project Steering Committee. Mark earned his B.A. in American Studies from Lake Forest College and M.S. in Human Services Administration from Spertus College. He currently serves on the Boards of Directors at Blind Service Association, and Mental Health Association of Greater Chicago.
Brian Heyburn is a Ph.D. candidate in Disability Studies at the University of Illinois at Chicago, having first received an M.S. in Disability and Human Development. At UIC, Brian serves as a Graduate Assistant at the Disability Cultural Center assisting with the development disability culture events across campus. Brian earned a B.A. in Religion from Centre College.
Michele Lee is a diversity leader at Aon and founder of the Empowering Abilities Employee Resource Group. Michele is passionate about disability employment, universal access, and accessible transportation. Michele represents Aon on the Shirley Ryan AbilityLab’s Business Advisory Board. Michele earned a B.A. from the University of Arizona.
Kevin is an Office Supervisor at Faithful+Gould. He is also a presentation coach, actor, writer, motivational speaker, storyteller, and teacher. As a storyteller, Kevin is a winner of The Moth StorySLAM. As a teacher: He created a personal narrative storytelling lab for detainees in Cook County Jail; at Piven Theatre, he helped establish a theatre games program for adults with development disabilities. Kevin presents anti-bullying motivational speeches to middle schoolers and high schoolers. He wrote a stageplay, Nobody Talks Nice about the journey of living with a disability. He is a graduate of The ACADEMY at Black Box Acting and is represented by Paonessa Talent. Follow him over social media: @kdaspeaker
At Discover, Chaitanya Manchanda is the founder and co-chair of the Discover’s employer resource group, “Accentuating Discover Abilities.” Chaitanya is actively involved in spreading awareness, advocating for disability rights and representing the Deaf/Hard Of Hearing (HOH) Community. Chaitanya was an Executive Committee Member of the Hearing Loss Association of America in Chicago Lincoln Park for two years. Chaitanya earned a B.S. from the University of Windsor in Ontario, Canada.
Bridget Hayman specializes in digital, media, and content marketing with 19 years of experience activating cross-channel communication strategies in healthcare, finance, and the nonprofit sector. Before joining Access Living, Bridget was the director of digital content marketing at Easterseals’ national headquarters and served as the associate director of public relations and social media at Valence Health. Prior to that, she built and executed social media strategies from the ground up for both the American Dental Association and Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Illinois. She began her professional career at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
Bridget is a 2018 University of Chicago Civic Leadership Academy Fellow, a 2017 ADA 25 Advancing Leadership Fellow, and a Rotary Ambassadorial Scholar. She holds a master’s degree in visual culture from Lancaster University, England, and a triple bachelor’s in English, journalism, and public relations from the University of Northern Colorado.
Risa Jaz Rifkind oversees Advancing Leadership’s Civic Connections Project by engaging with Members and partners to identify opportunities for Members to lead with power and influence. She leads Advancing Leadership’s external and internal marketing, communications, and outreach. Previously, Risa was Program Manager at the Chicago Community Trust and managed disability inclusion initiatives including the Disabilities Fund and ADA 25 Advancing Leadership. Risa is passionate about the arts and serves as the Co-Chair of the Steering Committee for the Chicago Cultural Accessibility Consortium as well as on its Board of Directors as Treasurer. Risa also serves on the Accessible Airports Advisory Committee for the City of Chicago and the Access Advisory Committee for the Chicago History Museum. Risa received a B.A. from Johns Hopkins University.
As Deputy Commissioner of Compliance, Joe Russo is responsible for reviewing compliance with applicable accessibility codes during the building permit process. Previously, Joe held positions with Illinois Attorney General and the US Department of Justice. Joe serves on the Board of Directors of Openlands and the Center for Disability and Elder Law. Joe earned a B.A. from Georgetown University and a J.D. from New York University School of Law. Joe is a Leadership Greater Chicago Fellow (2007).
Mary Rosenberg is a Staff Attorney for the Civil Rights Team at Access Living of Metropolitan Chicago. As a Staff Attorney, Mary represents people with disabilities in fair housing cases, conducts education and outreach about disability rights laws, and is involved in public policy advocacy. Mary received a M.S.T. from Pace University and a J.D. from The John Marshall Law School.
Randall is a researcher focusing on disability and policy, especially evaluations of reforms to Medicaid services. Currently, he is working on an evaluation of healthcare services for children who are transitioning into a managed care model. He is a recent transplant to the SF-Bay Area in California and is currently not serving on any boards, although he is open to volunteer leadership and employment opportunities. Randall is active in leadership for the American Public Health Association, serving on both the Disability Section Executive Committee and on the Committee for Health Equity.
Kevin Knabe has served on the Executive Advisory Board for NARDA PWI and was twice selected for a US delegation in China, South Korea, and Russia as part of the Citizen Ambassador Program. Kevin serves on the Chicago Hearing Society’s Board of Advisors and is a Mentor Deaf Tech at Harper College. Kevin is a graduate of Marquette University.
Kaney O’Neill is a Navy veteran and founder of O’Neill Contractors. In 2015, Kaney was the recipient of the National Veteran-Owned Business Association Woman Vetrepreneur of the Year Award and the Annual Woman Veteran of the Year Award from the Women’s Business Development Center in 2014. Kaney serves on the Board of Directors for the Federation of Women Contractors and the National Board of Directors of Bunker Labs. Kaney received a B.S.Ed. and a M.A. from Northwestern University.
Professor, author, and legal consultant, Kathleen Dillon Narko is a prominent member of the Chicago Bar Association, currently serving on the Editorial Board of the CBA Record. Kathleen is a past member of the CBA Board of Managers and a current member of the Membership Committee. Kathleen serves on the Board of Advisors of Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Chicago as a member of the Legal Advisory Committee. Additionally, Kathleen is a member of the Leadership Council of the National Immigrant Justice Center. Kathleen received a J.D. from Cornell Law School and a B.A. from Yale University.
Bill Bogdan is responsible for the coordination, development, and implementation of programs and services for persons with disabilities for the Illinois Secretary of State’s Office. In 2010, Bill was appointed by the Governor of Illinois to Chair the Illinois Council on Developmental Disabilities. In addition, Bill serves on the Illinois Elevator Safety Advisory Board, the Illinois State Library Talking Books and Braille Service Advisory Council, the Board of Directors for the Spinal Cord Injury Association of Illinois and the Diveheart Foundation. Bill graduated with honors from DePaul University, and is active in many sport and recreational programs offered through Adaptive Adventures and the Shirley Ryan AbilityLab Adaptive Sports & Fitness Program.
Stephanie Anderson brings commitment and drive to ensure that all Vaughn High School students have opportunities to engage within the community. Prior roles include Diverse Learner Supporter at Chicago Public Schools and an Intervention Specialist/School Psychologist for Northern Suburban Special Education District. Stephanie founded Friends of Vaughan. Stephanie earned a B.A. from Western Michigan University and an M.A. from Concordia University.